By The Outdoors Man, May 31 2015 05:06PM
Whether you fish in the UK, the US or somewhere else around the globe; you'll no doubt have a firm grasp of the types of fish species that exist. At The Outdoors Man, every single member of our team loves fishing - so much so that many of us travel the globe to enjoy exotic catches. Rory loves the Canadian fishing scene, Phil prefers the quieter waters within Northern England, and Michael loves a bit of sea fishing in the Mediterranean. Over the past few months, we realized just how varied the fish species are between locations, and we've found that the the reason for this is the climate.
It's a dog eat dog, or fish eat fish world out there. It's no secret that colder climates demand much more of the native species than many other climates, and so it's not uncommon to see huge game fish in these locations. Canada and Alaska are proof of this, and their coasts and lakes often play host to some of the largest bass, carp and catfish on the planet. You'll also probably have noticed that there aren't many sharks, or other large predatory fish, and the reason for this is the temperature. These large predators need warm water to hunt and survive, and so it stands to good reason that the smaller types of fish can grow to much large sizes in colder regions without the threat from top-tier predators.
Moderate climates like the United Kingdom have their fair share of cold and warm weather. It's in these locations where the types of fish vary most, in fact there are no less than 1100 unique species of fish within the UK alone. One of the main reasons why moderate climates are so suitable for fish-life is that the different species can come and go as they please. Warmer months will see thousands of carp and salmon, whereas colder months will see a climb in bass and catfish numbers. During excessively hot periods, there have even been reports of great white sharks around the Cornwall area!
Warm and hot climates are where the big boys really play - particularly on the line of the equator and around the Mediterranean. Sharks, marlin, whales and dolphins frequent these locations to hunt and reproduce, and some of the biggest catches on record have been found in these regions. The heat from the sun provides plenty of vitamin D for all organisms, so it's no surprise that this type of heat breeds some of the biggest underwater predators on the planet. As the world increases in temperature with global warming, these species are intermingling, and the next few decades look promising for fishermen indeed.